Beginning with the Confucianism quotations, going around the circle, each student should stand and read a quotation, slowly and loudly. Distribute the SHEG document excerpts and the Confucianism and Daoism quotations. Daoism holds that there is a Yin and a Yang – opposites always attached to and interpenetrating each other – that is a universal structure and composition of things. Foolish Musings 2,808 … Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is a system of thought and behavior originating in ancient China.Variously described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life, Confucianism developed from what was later called the Hundred Schools of Thought from the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius (551–479 BCE). between human beings. Types: Worksheets, Activities, Homework. Daoism - Daoism - Religious goals of the individual: The Confucian sage (sheng) is viewed as a ruler of antiquity or a great sage who taught humanity how to return to the rites of antiquity. In the 5th century BCE, China was thrown into a period of intense warfare among rival states. They share common beliefs about man, society, and the universe, although these notions were around long before either philosophy. But they emerge from and flow through a shared cultural context and historical time. Confucianism. “Weapons are ominous tools. They should get guidance and support as they need. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Contact: ggcoe83@gmail.com. He was a humanist and believed/taught that man was at the The conflict created a need for new political models to solve the crisis. Confucianism. Confucianism and Taoism are both ancient Chinese styles of living. In the beginning, so the Chinese legends say, there was only chaos and from this chaos emerged Yin and Yang, two primordial opposing forces which, when they interacted with one another, brought forth the universe. Confucianism and Daoism are both ways of thinking and styles of life. Confucianism is represented by Confucius (founder, 551-479 B.C. The post below includes resources which focus on the way that arguments can be made about the desirability of certain systems of thought and the values they inscript. Both Confucianism and Daoism(Taoism) provide principles that are versatile from each other. This work describes differences among them and explains the story about the frog in the well by Zhuang Zi. Confucianism emerged to dominate the other schools that had developed in the fertile social upheavals of pre-imperial China such as Daoism (), Mohism, and Legalism, all of which had criticised Confucianism (c. 400–c. Create. (c. 400–c. Basically, these three religions underscore living in harmony with nature and fellow humans. Have students define key terms. By which ancient Chinese philosophy should people today be more influenced, Confucianism or Daoism? They are abhorred by all creatures. 1. The discussion can begin with each side offering up its two arguments, then it can proceed without formal speech sequence. The weight here is – as with many arguments – on the student’s reasoning, which has to both connect the evidence and the claim, and explain why the belief identified in the claim is one that everyone today should embrace. They should get feedback, and their argument builders returned for revision. via GIPHY. Confucianism, Taoism, and Shintoism are considered as East Asian religions. Present the Stanford History Education Group (SHEG) slides. Literary works include The Analects, the Mencius, and the Xunzi. Daoism and Confucianism, as the two indigenous spiritual and philosophical traditions of China, are at the very core of the recovery of a specifically Chinese perspective on protecting our planet. While Confucianism teaches a person to be a socially involved moral person, Daoism teaches a person to achieve peace with oneself. This project incorporates material from the Stanford History Education Group (SHEG) project on this topic. Taoism (Pronounced "daoism") Founder. As a result, this period led to the development of many new philosophies. American society is far too violent today, and we would be much better off if weapons were shunned instead of purchased (legally or not) and used to commit violent acts. Present the Stanford History Education Group (SHEG) slides. o Li describes the actions that are right because of the needs of society. Confucianism would wax and wane in influence through subsequent Chinese dynasties, though its presence is quite clearly felt throughout Asian societies till this day. The masterwork here is the Tao Te Ching, generally translated as The Classic of the Way and Virtue. o Li STUDY. developed a more idealistic version of Confucianism. Pairs should exchange their finished argument builders, so that they can read them before building their counter-arguments. Confucius believed in societal harmony by government not nature. Daoism is generally attributed to the thinking of Lao Tzu, a Chinese philosopher of the late fifth century BCE. They can conclude with a teacher-led sharing-out. The two traditions, “within society” and “beyond society,” balance and complement each other. Upgrade to remove ads . Taoism became well-known in the eighth century C.E. Assign students reading on these ancient Chinese philosophies from the textbook, if one is being used. The father of Taoism is considered to be Lao Tzu, a mystic who lived in the sixth century BC. Confucianism is a humanistic philosophy, which places great weight on filial piety and respect for elders; a commitment to hard work as essential; and the universal values of compassion, justice, and courage. If I have to choose one of Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism as a governing system. Similar to Confucianism, Laozi taught Daoism, and the main concept of Daoism was that “the only human actions that ultimately make sense are those which are in accord with the flow of Nature – the Tao.” Daoists attempted to solve the problem by proclaiming that violence and the idea of violence itself defied the Way of Nature, implying it was not allowed in Daoism. Let’s look at their main characteristics. Two of the most influential of these philosophies were Confucianism and Daoism. He also Students should also be told that they will be matched with another pair of students that are taking the position opposed to theirs for culminating small-group discussions. Three features of ideal government in Document A 1. Lao-tzu, translated as either "Old Master" or "Old Boy," is believed to be the author of Taoism. Daoism - Daoism - Daoism and other religions: Confucianism is concerned with human society and the social responsibilities of its members; Daoism emphasizes nature and what is natural and spontaneous in the human experience. Confucianism Daoism (Taoism) • Founded by Confucius in 6th-5th century BCE. When they created their first statement on Daoism and the … (c. 400–c. Distribute counter-argument builders, one per student. Daoism - Daoism - Daoism and other religions: Confucianism is concerned with human society and the social responsibilities of its members; Daoism emphasizes nature and what is natural and spontaneous in the human experience. Flashcards. Browse. • Confucianism and Daoism [Stanford History Education Group/SHEG] In the 5th century BCE, China was thrown into a period of intense warfare among rival states. Confucian political theory stresses the importance of justice and … 200 B.C.). Introduce Confucianism and Daoism – their historical contexts, their main tenets, and their influence. Anyone who follows the Way shuns them” [Tao Te Ching chapter 31]. They were both invented so as to offer solutions to the chaos that erupted as a result of the fall of Zhou Dynasty. ). Diffen › Philosophy › Religion. The people of the nation would be fully devastated because of the disorder in their country. (3) The purpose of this activity is to bring students in closer to these highlights from each philosophy. Daoism has also exerted great influence over Asian and world cultures and worldviews through the centuries. Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism Directions: Write down 5 important beliefs of Confucianism below. The Three purities. An English translation was published in 1951 and several editions have been released since. Download Pdf. Both traditions have permeated Chinese culture for some 2,500 years. Buddhism, on the other hand, is a religion from ancient India, dating back to the sixth century B.C. Which would led to a powerful nation. 0:00 Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism and the Hundred Schools of Thought 1:51 Confucianism 4:27 Daoism 7:36 Legalism 9:08 Conclusion If … • Main principle is ren, which describes that people should behave in a loving, selfless, and moral way. Log in Sign up. It espouses the principles of etiquette, humaneness, and righteousness, and upholds loyalty, forgiveness, and the doctrine of the mean. Pairs can be given a choice over which position to take, as long as there ends up with a balance between the two positions, or they can be assigned a position. %PDF-1.6 %���� It compares thebeliefs of Taoism, Confucianism and Taoism showing students how they all work together and are not mutallyu exclusive. o Li A[a��݃A�D���(�A .U]��VU.�,J�~JOVYb"Yf'�m+�k�b���/ʩuTtk}�6���G�g�s,J�V��Lu�ܟ��3ΎZ�pVّFfMc:Ͽ��g_J@ޛm�v�L��A?�c���3q$�xJU�SC���p�]u�C�"fMP�_��/�� m�E`K�?�� �]f�x|֠��2<. Confucianism emerged to dominate other schools that were growing in the fertile social upheavals of pre-imperial China Daoism (Taoism), Mohism, and Legalism all attacked Confucianism. Ғ��PJ7��(���X��t�/_�;�OƳ�_�.�E�Ly:�MN�ӹ'49O_�g�#t�Y2�����a�'�_O��[͞�l��T�J��m�N����r�=̖SiRx6��l�λ�骞�v���-��=���x�신6�%�ַ��]�nq�8,.�ڒ� ��0w*W�Xܿn.�{�l;���Mm-����V���k�z��Ikؿ ��,9�9-�'i���!� ����� Mp�bVG:�X�ៗ���I���|6I��ٷ����/aS���OQH6�pW����}��T�#B�ઈxU3�,�����g����E�XA����%$*��ŕ�ք���\�-i�u]K�f��cQ {�N6^AXjK[�����GU��q!z,D��]�i���b���F�����������j�΋Mw>~�5!��a��؆����Y�5��R �0��p,��Z�!լ��ë�A�h��hxC�Ю�>�ͦ�XN�-��Fx�(�ƫ� ,kݦ��W�'l�����P�� : �� 9�* x�8g"�l��`��|ԯ(�k��;d0� Both Confucianism and Taoism have a one goal and focuses on self-improvement from being individuals by welcoming greater whole to contribute to society. The claims can use this standard template: [Confucianism or Daoism] believes that [fill in the belief that can be substantiated by the evidence]. PLAY. I'll be live-tweeting the VP debate tonight on my personal account. Confucianism and Taoism are two of the world’s major philosophies which have been given by Chinese society. Daoism likely established monasteries and temples. They all had a different way of teaching but all of them wanted to end the conflicts in China. Distribute argument builders, one per student. Geographical distribution and predominance (Majority or strong influence) Mainly in Thailand, Cambodia, Sri lanka, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet, Japan, Myanmar (Burma), Laos, Vietnam, China, Mongolia, Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong and Taiwan. Both began as philosophies, each later taking on religious overtones. STANFORD HISTORY EDUCATION GROUP sheg.stanford.edu Document C (Modified) Chien Wu went to see Chief Yu. • Principles of li and yi dictate actions. It focuses on virtue in a morally organized society. • Principles of li and yi dictate actions. The most effective system would be Legalism, because it's stable, strict and strong. Conversely, the Buddhists on their part firmly have the objective to achieve the perfect state of nirvana and pursue the four noble truths (Huston, 1991; Smart, 2000). Ancient Confucianism and Daoism are distinct streams of thought, their differences stark at times. Confucianism and Taoism are two of the world’s major philosophies which have been given by Chinese society. Confucianism is a ethical, philosophical, and moral system established by the famous Confucius. To … h�bbd```b``��� �q�du�,+����e`�s0yL��ɓ@�����"�@��li7 D�?���yc����H�I �#H�+�e`�g�%�t"�30]` �Oa endstream endobj startxref 0 %%EOF 86 0 obj <>stream One of Confucius Confucianism and Daoism - Duration: 21:26. Through the influence of buddhism. Crossref Joseph Lok-Man Lee, Noel Yee-Man Siu, Tracy Jun-Feng Zhang, Face, fate and brand equity: service recovery justice and satisfaction, Journal of Consumer Marketing, 10.1108/JCM-01-2019-3037, … Pairs will exchange their argument builders so they can review the arguments that the other side will be making in their discussion. Students should be encouraged to respond to each other’s points, though they can also concede points where they feel inclined to. Students should be reminded of the three types of counter-arguments possible here. Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism, and Buddhism | Sutori Buddhism was … Confucianism became the orthodox ideology in feudal China and, in the long course of history, it drew on Taoism and Buddhism. Let us begin with the two religions from China first: Taoism and Confucianism. It is important for students to understand that in arguing for one or the other philosophy they are not necessarily taking the position that people should become Confucianist or Daoist. The outcome: an argument-based small group discussion project on Confucianism and Daoism. 200 B.C. Confucianism & Daoism Zoraostrianism Baháʼí Wilbur Award Clips & Essays About Confuciansim & Taoism What is Confucianism The first video below comes from Bettany Hughes' series, Genius of the Ancient World. 43 0 obj <> endobj 66 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<17EBD5A80062442589F10C471E9E7151>]/Index[43 44]/Info 42 0 R/Length 115/Prev 211798/Root 44 0 R/Size 87/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream While Confucianism teaches a person to be a socially involved moral person, Daoism teaches a person to achieve peace with oneself. Joseph Lok-Man Lee, Noel Yee-Man Siu, Tracy Jun-Feng Zhang, Face, fate and brand equity: service recovery justice and satisfaction, Journal of Consumer Marketing, 10.1108/JCM-01-2019-3037, … Another student should be chosen at random to paraphrase the quotation. Website design by, Classroom-Embedded Implementation Coaching, Dismantling Racially-Motivated Arguments for Exclusion, ACCIS-ing Chess in a Critical Thinking Rich Classroom, Exercising Response and Refutation in Interpreting ‘Interpretater of Maladies’, AWE-some Reasoning Through Interpretive Arguments on ‘Caramelo’, Dartmouth Institute for Writing and Rhetoric, International Debate Education Association, Published today in the Chicago Tribune on the electoral debate debacle and what it says about education. Hung Kei Kenneth Lo, Who are macro-community members: an answer from the viewpoint of Confucianism, Safer Communities, 10.1108/SC-01-2020-0001, ahead-of-print, ahead-of-print, (2020). Have students define key terms. Consider whether to distribute the Possible Claims document, or whether to have access to it for teaching purposes as needed to help guide the discussion and keep it moving down the rails, so to speak. Feb 3, 2018 - In the 5th century BCE, China was thrown into a period of intense warfare among rival states. Subjects: Social Studies - History, World History, Asian Studies. Confucianism has been especially concerned about relationships. Confucianism and Taoism are both ancient Chinese styles of living. Very little is known of his life; he may not even have existed. Lao Tzu's thought influenced the governing of Huang-Lao, and Confucianism was respected by Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty, but their thought did not go beyond the practice of politics, and had not great achievement in the realm of thought itself. Pairs should be grouped with pairs taking the other position. Hung Kei Kenneth Lo, Who are macro-community members: an answer from the viewpoint of Confucianism, Safer Communities, 10.1108/SC-01-2020-0001, ahead-of-print, ahead-of-print, (2020). It now has approximately 20−30 million followers, mostly in China, Korea, and Japan. The Dao is “the Way.”  It has a mystical essence, but is a flow or feeling of oneness with nature; acceptance of things and renunciation of desire and resistance; modesty and selflessness; and a recognition that all things are inter-connected. Confucianism believes in setting good examples for others to follow, primarily in 5 key relationships: ruler and subject, wife and husband, older and younger sibling, friend and friend, and father and son. 289 B.C.) However, during the Communist takeover in 1959, Taoism, Confucianism, and other religions were banned. Introduce Confucianism and Daoism – their historical contexts, their main tenets, and their influence. Document _____ Use evidence from the document and your knowledge of Confucianism and Daoism to support your answer. If possible, collect the counter-argument builders and offer feedback on these, for revision. Chinese philosopher Confucius (551 – 479 BCE), as part of the larger Hundred Schools of Thought, laid down the tenets of his worldview in the Analects. A classroom-wide discussion should be done around possible argumentative claims – which in this context is another way to say, a discussion around the tenets and beliefs of each philosophy. Generous support for this website provided by Betty J. Willhoite and her late husband George J. Willhoite. Introduce Confucianism and Daoism – their historical contexts, their main tenets, and their influence. Only $2.99/month. Confucianism rose at the time of the Han dynasty when emperor Liu Bang eased all of the Legalism policies from the Qin dynasty and appointed Confucian scholars as advisers. Lao-tzu (604-517 BC) Known as the "Old Master." Pairs should submit their work for formative assessment. As a result, this period led to the development of many new philosophies. Have students define key terms. 1. We worked recently with a partner school’s Global Studies course and their Ancient China unit. Access the answers to hundreds of Confucianism questions that are explained in a way that's easy for you to understand. Taoism is a religion and philosophical tradition that originated in China around 550 B.C. posted by UK, September 14, 2018. They basically teach fillial piety and righteousness as key values that we should possess. ), Mencius, and Xunzi. There are no clear boundaries between these intertwined religious systems, which do not claim to be exclusive, and elements of each enrich popular … In different views, the only similarity that keeps on appearing in the structure of ethics that is received in both these practices as both these practices focus on self-improvement. Daoism is known to be created by the legendary Lao Zi. Generally, we would recommend that these pairings be heterogeneous, serving differentiation goals, though the best pairing strategy is usually made based on a closer, more specific understanding of students and their propensity to work productively with certain classmates more than with others. Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism, and Buddhism Confucianism is a system of ethical reasoning founded by Confucius and developed by Mencius. Saddened by society's lack of goodness, Lao-tzu decided to leave his home in … Confucianism emerged to dominate other schools that were growing in the fertile social upheavals of pre-imperial China Daoism (Taoism), Mohism, and Legalism all attacked Confucianism. The two great indigenous philosophical and religious traditions of China, Daoism and Confucianism, originated about the same time (6th–5th century BCE) in what are now the neighboring eastern Chinese provinces of Henan and Shandong, respectively. The difference between these two philosophies is based on their teachings, wherein Taoism is all about the relationship between a man and nature, and Confucianism Most believe in One God, but this is not necessary since Confucianism is not a religion but a belief system about social ordering. Gravity. Students should be paired with a partner. Despite the different distinctive features in each of the philosophies, the two complemented each other and it was believed that for one to be considered complete: he/she had to measure up to the two philosophies. Confucianism Daoism (Taoism) • Founded by Confucius in 6th-5th century BCE. Search. Taoism (Pronounced "daoism") Founder Lao-tzu (604-517 BC) Known as the "Old Master." That is, all of them have their palpable impact in the region called East Asia (China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau). Get help with your Confucianism homework. As a result, this period led to the development of many new philosophies. The project also uses a format of discussion that is looser and less rules-based than a debate (though, of course, rules have their utility and place, when striving to reach certain levels of rigor in a scaffolded academic setting). Reasoning The “Way,” which is the sacred path for living to Daoism… One of Confucius's disciples, Mencius, (c. 372–c. and is based on the philosophical ideas of Lao Tzu. Daoism and Confucianism, as the two indigenous spiritual and philosophical traditions of China, are at the very core of the recovery of a specifically Chinese perspective on protecting our planet. Students should be told that the SHEG close reading questions are to be adjusted from “the three features of an ideal government” to “the three features of the proper way to live with others.”  Students should discuss the responses to these questions and complete one set of questions, submitting them for formative assessment. To experience God, man had to look within himself and nature. Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism each have their own box and one question related to each of the philosophies (philosophy/religion for Daoism). h�Ԙ[O"IǿJ��u�$�a`vd\!��� The conflict created a need for new political models to solve the crisis. Confucius presenting the young Buddha to Lao-tzu. Taoism and Confucianism have lived together in China for well over 2,000 years. ��@;�|�9�/P�"��}ؐ��n�����]hC(і07G8��P"� ��1�͈�QI�$�)J�"L E�h`����.T���t\�B[ˈ0�ˉp�DR�J"���*"�4�ӧ��ͳ��)�x��f%��v�˖9��c�1�L�����JSb`��0���Ni���� �.V�d����⬗��K���w�[�� ��� �2X�JU�v�6t��t��較*��_�M��S�Ϧ�9�F'g�,iq(����^L���^n[� Confucianism and Daoism. Taoism is a religion and philosophical tradition that originated in China around 550 B.C. Daoism developed a pantheon of hundreds of deities, the most important being. With the quotations, the following activity should be used. Ancient China – Confucianism vs. Daoism Page 3 Evidence “Weapons are ominous tools.They are abhorred by all creatures. 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Assign students reading on these ancient Chinese philosophies from the textbook, if one is being.... Person to achieve peace with oneself is ren, which describes that people should behave in a,! Philosophies, each student should stand and read a quotation, slowly and loudly BCE, China was into.