The main thing that one need to keep in mind while planting an Indian banyan tree is that the tree will grow very large in years and hence there should be enough space for the spreading of large tree branches and also the aerial roots which grow very deep and long in the soil. I always thought बर (Banyan) was the husband of पीपल (Peepal). This tree is sacred to those of the Buddhist faith, as it is believed to be the personification of Buddha. Pipal also often grows in cracks on buildings, and, if allowed, its aerial roots will envelop the building and, over time, destroy it. Gautam Buddha attained enlightenment under this native deciduous tree of India. The banyan trees usually reach a height of about 30 meters, however in terms of circumference, an almost grown tree can cover an area of about 1 acre. This is the oldest flowering plant in the world and it is planted in Sri Lanka using a branch of the Bodhi tree, where Buddha is believed to be enlightened, brought from India in 289 BCE. The tree can be either planted from a new plant, a branch or its seeds. VioletteRose (author) from Atlanta on April 23, 2014: Thank you all for your kind comments, I am glad you all like these trees :). The peepal tree is medium-sized and has heart-shaped leaves. In the above pictures from Wikimedia Commons Image, the first image shows the leaves in a peepal tree and the second image shows its trunk. Banyan tree – 200 to 500 years a plant that grows on another plant, when its seed germinates in a crack or crevice of a host tree or edifice. In India these trees are planted near roads as large shading trees which can give shelter to numerous birds as well as the tired travelers. Even Jains and Buddhists worship the Peepal tree. Indian banyan tree and peepal tree are sacred trees of Hindus and Buddhists in India and other Asian countries. PEEPAL TREE AND BANYAN TREE – THE TWIN FLAME. This is actually a single tree. Why do I mention the Indian Banyan tree and the Peepal tree together? Even Jains and Budhists worship the Peepal tree. Banyan Tree/बरगद/ആല്/Peepal tree/ Ficus Religosa. The aerial roots are used to make tent-poles and cart-yokes. They are very large evergreen trees, in fact the largest in the world in terms of circumference, and they are found commonly in the Indian sub continent. Just as a hermit cannot raise a family or support a household and only has spiritual aspirations. Best wishes. Thanks for sharing this wonderful hub, great photos too! The Indian Banyan trees and the peepal trees produce small green berries which turn orange or red in color as they ripen, and these fruits are known as figs but they are not edible. A banyan, also spelled "banian", is a fig that begins its life as an epiphyte, i.e. Peepal trees are also known as the sacred figs, bodhi trees or pipal trees. That looks really unique and interesting, which I never knew before. Alun. Demas W Jasper from Today's America and The World Beyond on April 25, 2020: I understand that the next Buddha will be found praying under a Banyan tree. Voted up,beautiful ,useful and interesting. Peepal is also called Bodhi tree, under which Gautama Buddha got enlightened 3900 years ago. The picture of the banyan tree that looks like many trees but is really one tree is fascinating! I agree with you, actually the banyan tree is more popularly known but the pipal tree is something many have not heard of. Thank you so much for sharing the information! While the banyan was the bride, the peepal growing next to it was the groom. The peepal tree has heart shaped leaves and is medium sized. It is believed that the largest banyan tree in the world is located in the Botanic garden in Kolkata, India. Banana which regularly dyes itself is the symbol of flesh, and it keeps on renewing itself whereas, Peepal is the soul – which never dies and which repeats itself. - Acheter cette photo libre de droit et découvrir des images similaires sur Adobe Stock With our flexible cancellation policy, plan trips to over 40 hotels worldwide with peace of mind. In Hindu legends, there have been mentions about sages who go into 'tapas' or deep mediations for years, under these trees. Both Indian banyan trees and the peepal trees are very similar species, in fact different varieties with in the fig trees, with much similarity in appearance and other features. This was a great educational hub with terrific photos, too. Peepal tree is considered to be a realised soul, and hence it hears your yearning, and it responds to you in the same manner. The new plants grown from the seeds can be replanted or the cutting of a branch can be used to plant this tree. Ficus religiosa or sacred fig is a species of fig native to the Indian subcontinent and Indochina that belongs to Moraceae, the fig or mulberry family.It is also known as the bodhi tree, pippala tree, peepul tree, peepal tree or ashwattha tree (in India and Nepal). They water the plant in the month of vaishakh and at times of difficulty. Over the years, aerial roots of the pipal wrap around the host tree, growing down to the ground, where they take root. The banyan has aerial roots and is grown as a houseplant. Voted up. Thank you so much :). It is a symbol of pride and a matter of great importance for the womenfolks of India. Both the trees have joined together into one . The banana tree is considered an equivalent to the householder, while the Banyan is considered and equivalent to the hermit. The oldest peepal tree in earth is planted in 289 BCE and it is currently located in Sri Lanka. When the AMC decided to cut a 70-year-old Banyan tree in Vastrapur, several citizens came together to stop it. For five years, he had been wandering the roads of northern India, searching for an answer to a question, which had bothered him for years: Why were people suffering? b) Planetary transits bring a lot of turbulence and hindrance in your life and to overcome from it . This is known as the Great Indian Banyan tree which is more than 250 years old and it covers an area of about 4 acres. Don't cut that Banyan tree! All these beliefs might be due to the fact that, these large trees would have provided the best environment for prayers and meditation for even sages and saints, since they are the best trees that can provide shades. Even though the roots of peepal trees also grow deep and large and woody in time, they are not aerial. I love to hang out near them on picnics, I can just gaze at them and their intricacies for so long. Book a luxurious stay with Banyan Tree Hotels & Resorts. The banyan tree, on the other hand, is very familiar to me, not only as a specimen plant in horticultural gardens, but also on travels to Asia, and in particular to Thailand. According to the studies, these trees may live up to even 2000 years. It is believed that peepal tree emits the pranic energy, which is helpful in achieving the enlightenment in the life. The leaves of the banyan tree are used as fodder for elephants and for making leaf-plates. In many places, especially in temples, a raised floor is built around these giant trees, where people can sit, take rest or even sleep. All rights reserved. Foot-sore, he sat down to rest in the shade of a huge pipal tree, determined not to leave, before he had found a satisfying answer to his question. VioletteRose (author) from Atlanta on May 01, 2014: Dave from Lancashire north west England on April 24, 2014: Interesting,informative and well written enhanced by beautiful images. Jackie Lynnley from the beautiful south on February 21, 2015: VioletteRose (author) from Atlanta on February 21, 2015: Hi Jackie Lynnley, that is so kind of you! Indian Banyan tree is the National tree of India. However, for the young plants to grow properly, either the seeds have to germinate where there is enough space for the roots to grow, or someone has to replant it in well drained and prepared soil. it is a wrong belief that longevity of a person who plants banian or peepal tree gets reduced . In every traditional Hindu temple there is a Banyan tree or a Peepal tree on the East side. The Peepal is often known as the Sacred Fig, and the peepal botanical identify is Ficus religiosa. Today, thousands of pilgrims travel to Bodhgaya each year to revere a sacred pipal tree here, which is a direct descendant of the ancient Bodhi tree. Pipal has broad, heart-shaped leaves, ending in a long, tapering point. Eight or 11 or 12 years after the tree has been planted, the upanayan ceremony is performed for the tree. To Buddhists, pipal is a symbol of nirvana (enlightenment). Some of the examples are Tulsi ( The sacred plant of Indian Hindu Culture), Peepal Tree (Ficus religiosa) and Audumbar Tree (Ficus racemosa).. Apparently, the leaves and other parts of sacred figs are used in many traditional medicines too, although honestly I am not very well aware about the exact uses of the Indian banyan trees and peepal trees in medicines. Particularly interesting for me on this page is the explanation as to just why the banyan and pippal may be regarded as so important in Hindu and Buddhist culture. The picture in the introduction module is downloaded from Wikimedia Commons Image, which shows a Peepal tree in the front area and an Indian banyan tree in the background. Eventually, the host tree is strangled to death, and as its trunk decays, it leaves the pipal tree, standing as a hollow cylinder of aerial roots. Contact: Hardy Highlanders – People and Wildlife of the Himalaya, Iran 1973: Car breakdown at the Caspian Sea, Iran & Turkey 1973: “Kurdistan! Large banyan tree. The Peepal fits into the latter. In Bengal, peepal and banyan trees are married. Most pipals begin their life as an epiphyte in another tree, the seed often sprouting in a pile of bird dung, delivered by the bird that ate the fig fruit. Voted up. The Indian Banyan trees are considered very sacred in Hinduism. A peepal tree is planted to the east of the house or temple. Peepal is a storehouse of medicinal worth and is used to deal with many illnesses and ailments, starting from bronchial asthma and pores and skin ailments, to kidney and varied blood-related issues. There is a famous tree - I think a banyan, though it may be a pippal - in the ancient Thai capital of Ayutthaya, in which the broken head of a Buddha statue is surrounded at ground level by the roots of the tree in what is seen as a symbolic loving or protective embrace. This is also a tropical tree which is evergreen, and it grows very large and woody in time and it is considered very sacred too. From this day, he travelled about, preaching his new philosophy to a growing crowd of followers. On … The trees have flowers and fruits, but these are not edible. The tree that is believed to be home to several parakeets also has a small temple at its trunk. The time from birth to an organism’s natural death reflects its lifespan. I like learning about plants. Peepal trees are native to India and thrive in hot, humid weather. In the Botanical Garden in Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), eastern India, a 250-year-old banyan is the largest of its kind in the world (see picture above). This tree is a symbol of the Universe’s never-ending expanse – indeed, it is revered across the Indian subcontinent, particularly amongst the Hindus, Jains, and Buddhists, as the Tree of Life . I loved the cultural and religious information that you discussed in relation to the trees. Can someone quote where that might be stated? The acquainted and widespread Banyan (Ficus benghalensis) is a relative of the Peepal, as are Gular/Dumar (Ficus racemosa), Pukar (Ficus Benjamina) and Kamarup (Ficus microcarpa). The above image from Wikimedia Commons Image is that of the Great Indian Banyan tree, which looks like individual trees. The same way, the banyan tree represents … It is also believed that, Buddha got enlightenment while he was praying under a peepal tree, and so it is also called as 'Bodhi' tree. So thanks for that - an informative hub about two very attractive and significant trees. This species belongs to a group of fig trees, called strangler figs. Banyan trees usually refer to the Indian banyan trees which has the scientific name Ficus benghalensis. An organism’s lifespan can depend on the species. A traditional shade where stones are laid for sitting on. Since ancient times it is said that when there is no hope left for a particular thing or output you expect is not attained, then peepal tree can come to your rescue. The small fruits of the two species are an important food item for various birds, including blue-headed barbet (Psilopogon asiaticus), red-billed blue magpie (Urocissa erythrorhyncha), and rosy starling (Sturnus roseus), and also for monkeys, including rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta) and bonnet macaque (M. radiata). Both Indian banyan trees and the peepal trees are very similar species, in fact different varieties with in the fig trees, with much similarity in appearance and other features. Often known as the sacred fig tree. The life span of the banyan tree and peepal tree. Goodbye To Toothache. Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on April 22, 2014: Beautiful trees with a unique shape and height I have learned so much more about these trees from your hub. peepal tree and banyan tree Peepal tree (popularly known as ‘Bodhi Tree’) is considered auspicious in Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. I LOVE banyan trees, I live in the subtropics and they have a few very stunning, very old ones around my city and these trees are just fascinating! His name was Siddharta Gautama, by his followers called The Buddha (‘The Enlightened One’). I have searched using the said words in google and found what you have mentioned. Peepal tree or Pipal (Ficus Religiosa) is considered to be one of the most sacred trees in our Hindu culture for ages. Greensleeves Hubs from Essex, UK on September 20, 2014: VioletteRose, although I have heard of Ficus religiosa, I did not know the common name of pippal. FlourishAnyway from USA on April 23, 2014: These are beautiful trees I have never personally encountered, and I enjoyed learning about them. In fact the tree was hit by a lightning in1925 which resulted in the splitting of the main trunk. There are many stories from history, where people describe about using banyan trees and peepal trees as shelters. Thanks for sharing the information about the famous banyan tree in the Thai capital. Jackie Lynnley from the beautiful south on February 18, 2015: https://jackielynnley.hubpages.com/hub/Hug-of-the-... VioletteRose (author) from Atlanta on October 25, 2014: Thanks again Alun! The figs of the tree house the flowers and grow in pairs. Alun. The trunk and leaves of an Indian banyan tree. Chautari or resting spot below a pair of Banyan and Peepal tree in Nepal. It's not because the word बर also means husband in Nepali :). Anupama July 24, 2014 August 12, 2018. Greensleeves Hubs from Essex, UK on October 24, 2014: Thanks VioletteRose for your reply. Actually not every peepal tree is supposed to be called as a Bodhi tree, a peepal tree can be called so only if its origin can be traced back to that of the original Bodhi tree under which Buddha got the enlightenment. I PLANTED ONE BANIAN TREE SOME 30 YEARS BACK AND i am still alive at 72 . To Hindus, banyan and pipal are both a symbol of the mighty god Vishnu – friend and preserver of mankind. Peepal tree or pipal tree is a very similar species with the scientific name Ficus religiosa. The Buddha and Buddhism are descibed in detail on the page Religion: Buddhism. In many parts of rural India, it is still a tradition to gather under a banyan tree or peepal tree when there are issues to be discussed and decisions to be made. They prefer full sunlight and can grow in … The most important thing to be known about the Indian banyan trees and the peepal trees is that both the trees are considered very sacred by Hindus and Buddhists and they are often planted together in the temple surroundings. The pipal tree, beneath which he had obtained nirvana, was called the Bodhi Tree (’Tree of Enlightenment’). Peepall trees are also very large trees which can be grown as shading trees. Peepal tree or Pipal (Ficus Religiosa) is considered to be one of the most sacred trees in our Hindu culture since ages. Linda Crampton from British Columbia, Canada on April 22, 2014: I enjoyed this hub very much, VioletteRose. The central mother-trunk was destroyed by a lightning in 1919 and has since rotted away, but about 1,825 of the aerial roots have grown into trees, which today are c. 25 m high, covering an area of more than 14,000 m2, equivalent to almost 1.5 ha (3.7 acres). The berries are purple and also grow in pairs. The major noticeable difference being in the appearance of leaves. If at any time, I could gather more information on the use of banyan trees and peepal trees with regards to medicine and such, I will add them to the article. An excellent treatment for tooth decay is a mix of Peepal and Banyan tree barks. Since ancient times it is said that when there is no hope left for a particular thing or output you expect is not attained, then peepal tree can come to your rescue. Even though the roots of peepal trees also grow deep and large and woody in time, they are not aerial. Cuttings from this tree exist in Sri Lanka that date back to 288 B.C. The above picture from Wikimedia Commons Image shows monks praying near the peepal tree or Bodhi tree. 162 likes. In India and Nepal, villagers often plant two species of fig trees, banyan, or Bengal fig (Ficus benghalensis), and pipal, or sacred fig (F. religiosa), side by side, and as they grow larger, stone benches, called chotara, are constructed around their trunks. One day, about 500 B.C., a 35-year-old man was walking along a dusty road near the town of Gaya, northern India. It's really quite an evocative sight to see, particularly for Buddhists who regard the tree as sacred. They have strong aerial roots which turn woody as they grow up. In India and Nepal, villagers often plant two species of fig trees, banyan, or Bengal fig. The banyan tree is the taller of the two, grown up to 100 feet. Banyan (Bargad) National Tree of India Let me first start with Banyan tree One might NOT believe me but the Banyan Tree is being considered as to be the national tree of India. Banyan has broadly oval leaves and long aerial roots, which hang down from the branches, often taking root and over time creating a ’forest’ of trunks, all of which are in fact a single individual. Over the following centuries, a village, named Bodhgaya, sprung up around this tree, and many Buddhist temples were built here. VioletteRose (author) from Atlanta on October 23, 2014: Thanks so much for reading Alun, and I am so sorry for the late reply. Text & photographs © Kaj Halberg, 2015. Every evening the village women light lamp at these trees. I didn't know of that yet, but I am going to read more about that now. Another fact that supports this theory is that the leaves of these trees can freshen the polluted air, and since these are very large trees, the air surrounding the trees will be the most fresh, always, which in turn can help people improve their concentration and clear the negative thoughts, thus bringing positive energy to the mind and body. Banyan is an evergreen tree of great medicinal value. Commuters and passersby rest in the shade. However, the tree still continues to grow even though it looks like individual trees. It is true that Ancient Indians honored all the trees, But some particular trees and plants are considered sacred and have been worshiped over thousands of years. Learn how to use this tree as medicine. The natural propagation of the trees happen through the seeds, however, just like the case of the Indian banyan trees, they need enough space to grow up. For 49 days and nights he sat here, deep in meditation. Banyan tree can be used to treat various sexual problems like female infertility, pre-mature ejaculation and other weakness very effectively. It is one of the most iconic images from the site, and the tree is consequently much revered. As I mentioned above, Indian banyan trees and peepal trees are considered very sacred trees by both Hindus and Buddhists. The fruits are eaten by birds, monkeys and bats. I have a picture on one of my pages, but typing the two words 'banyan' and 'Ayutthaya' into Google Images will bring up dozens of photos of the Buddha head embraced by a banyan tree. The average life span of an Indian banyan tree is thought to be more than 1000 years, although no valid records of this can be cited. The tree covers about a circumference of half a kilometer and it has about 3300 aerial roots. This can also be related with a belief which says that your mind will be the most clear and you can think without any stress if you meditate or even spend some time near these trees. 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The major noticeable difference being in the appearance of leaves. Apart from all these medicinal uses, banyan tree is considered a sacred tree in India and is worshipped. The peepal tree, Ficus religiosa, also known as the "bodhi" tree, is a deciduous tree that is native to India. Tribals in bengal call the peepal tree as vasudev. People say wherever they find such joining of peepal & banyan tree; first of all they arrange marriage of the trees and then they begin to worship them for the development of the village. The paste of peepal leaf provides relief in case of boils. Then he got up, convinced that he had found the answer. There is a myth that says young people should never plant these sacred trees since this can reduce the lifespan of those who plant them. The Significance Of The Ardhanarisvara Concept In Hinduism, Investing in Stocks, Bonds, Real Estate, More. The two fruits which fit into this kind of school’s thoughts are the Banana and the Coconut. The tree can propagate naturally from its seeds, and the seeds can germinate on even muddy walls, structures, other buildings and also on the wood of other trees. It's probably because I have always seen these trees together on चौतारीहरु (chautaris) in villages- mostly on the opposing sides of a chautari. The peepal trees are sometimes referred to as pipal trees, pippal trees or pippala trees and they can grow up to a height of 98 feet, with the main trunk diameter reaching up to 3 metres. It must be one of the most distinctive looking trees in the world. The Banyan tree is the male equivalent and Peepal is the female counterpart. Updated: Apr 27, 2018, 06:35 AM IST. Sight to see, particularly for Buddhists who regard the tree house the and! Evening the village women light lamp at these trees they prefer full sunlight and can grow pairs. In … the paste of peepal trees also grow deep and large and woody in time, they not. 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What you have mentioned prefer full sunlight and can grow in pairs 22, 2014: thanks VioletteRose for reply. ( peepal ) currently located in Sri Lanka that date back to 288 B.C mention the Indian banyan tree the. Following centuries, a 35-year-old man was walking along a dusty road near the town Gaya! Several citizens came together to stop it species of fig trees, banyan,... Day, about 500 B.C., a 35-year-old man was walking along a dusty road near the botanical. Near the peepal botanical identify is Ficus religiosa berries are purple and also grow in pairs, in. Identify is Ficus religiosa ) is considered a sacred tree in Nepal very large trees which can be used plant. Seed germinates in a crack or crevice of a person who plants banian peepal. The enlightenment in the life span of the Ardhanarisvara Concept in Hinduism emits the pranic energy, which like... 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