Jennie Ivey, University of Tennessee Extension Equine Specialist, says foxtail does not produce a … Whether you feed grass or legume hay will depend primarily on what is available in your area and your horse… This is a very common grass especially in dry areas and is great for horses. Look out for chewed up balls of forage accumulating at the bottom of the hay net and quidding where the horse spills and drops feed as they chew. High fiber and very low NSC content in hay soaked for greater than 1 hour could reduce palatability and nutrients available in hay soaked longer. Sixth Revised Edition. There are many types of grasses, timothy, orchard etc. Krook L, Maylin GA. Fractures in Thoroughbred race horses. Soaking didn’t affect crude protein content. Because of the high fiber content, grass hay is a convenient solution for these easy keepers since it can satisfy the horse’s appetite, without adding extra calories and protein. Horse owners should check hay for the presence of foxtails before feeding it to their animals. Moldy hay also puts ranchers at risk. After 12 hours of soaking, a deficiency in P was observed for a 500 kg horse in light work according to the National Resource Council. Horses may bleed if moldy sweet clover hay is a large part of their diet for several days. Three types of plants are used to make horse hay: - Grasses. Bleeding only happens in horses eating moldy sweet clover hay. If, however, the hay in the round bale was of questionable quality, several factors may have contributed to colic. Personally, unless it is a thoroughbred mare in foal or a high performance thoroughbred cross, I rarely use second cut for horses. Soaking hay for horses can be invaluable when feeding a hay that is a little dusty as a result of soil contamination or where it was stored in the barn. Sign In it will runin your horses lungs and everything else. Calcium (Ca) is less prone to leach when soaked compared to other minerals. Horses are not the only animal susceptible to ryegrass toxicity; cattle, sheep, goats and pigs can be affected as well. Oat hay tends to be higher in nitrates and also high in sugar (NSC), so this hay is not an option for insulin resistant horses. Some types of mold may cause colic or can cause a pregnant mare to abort. Thus, this hay didn’t need soaking for horses with PSSM and laminitis. This research suggests the nitrogen left in rained-on hay is more stable and possibly less digestible by ruminants. Changes in forage quality during harvest and storage. In addition to feeding oats as a grain ration, oat hay can make a good forage for horses. We always sell the bottom of the stack out for mulch hay and never feed it, but then depends on turnover and storage conditions. But there was greater dry matter loss after 12 hours of soaking compared to the other soak times. 5. Short-Stem Situations Many horse owners appreciate the management benefits of hay cubes and pellets because they take up … Yes, farmers are becoming high tech each year. All horses need carbohydrates in their diet. This is the cut that’s taken before the hay blooms and is a good, solid, hay! Horses must have the benefit of a high-fibre, slow-eating, chewy grass hay that they can munch on and ferment for efficient energy production and healthy digestion. Bales should be consistent in weight (too heavy indicates mold or too much … You can buy out of the wagons and will usually receive a discount from the farmer for doing this, as it saves double handling. If you store on a concrete floor, moisture will aspirate off the concrete up into the stack, so avoid that. Other problems can … First, if you have only a few horses, the round hay bale can lie in the feeder for a long time. 2. Checking hay in bright light should reveal if it is edible for horses. Moldy hay can be dangerous to horses. Dust stays at ground level, so less goes in the horse's nose and airways. In order to cure hay there are at least twenty different preservatives that can be added to the hay at time of baling and ... 3. Authors: Krishona Martinson, Equine Extension specialist; Marcia Hathaway, professor, College of Food, Agriculture and Natural Resource Sciences; Hans-Joachim Jung, adjunct professor emeritus, College of Food, Agriculture and Natural Resource Sciences; Craig Sheaffer, professor, College of Food, Agriculture and Natural Resource Sciences, Jennifer Earing, former postdoctoral student, College of Food, Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences; Roy Johnson, Cargill; Jim Paulson, former dairy Extension educator; and Sarah Ralston, VMD, Rutgers. and because the horses will trample it as they pull it out the feeder. it can cause colic, ulcers, respiratoy infection etc. Privacy Policy | Questions, please contact The Equine Chronicle For example, if the hay contained mold there is some chance the horse ingested enough to cause digestive upset. Hay That Gets Wet Leave a minimum of half inch gap between and around every bale on the layer. We all know the real hazards to horses of dusts and molds in hay. Oat grass is a common forage in the Western United States. Recent research (Moore-Colyer et al., 2014) found that soaking hay increased bacterial contamination, leading to a reduction of the hygienic quality , which could potentially compromise the health of the horse. Oat hay has thick tougher stalks that some horses will not eat. In Current Therapy in Equine Medicine. Technol. 360 pages. These common weeds, trees, plants, and shrubs, shown below, are toxic to horses and ponies. Timothy: The best Timothy hay … Clover’s energy, protein and fiber content make it a good feed source for horses. -, TheHorseStudio.com The International Equestrian Shop, TP Christmas Challenge Super Sires WP Results and Photos, Champions at TP Christmas Challenge Include Miller, Rippeon, Brandt, Vroegh, Achtenhagen, Miller, EC TV- TP Christmas Challenge- Youth Hunter Under Saddle, EC TV- TP Christmas Challenge- Maturity HUS, Around the Rings- TP Christmas Challenge and 40th Anniversary. Horses are not the only animal susceptible to ryegrass toxicity; cattle, sheep, goats and pigs can be affected as well. Smell like hay (kind of a sweet smell). Oat Hay. When grass is not available, hay may make up the largest part of a horse's diet. Buying hay can be difficult, but it really is worth it to be particular because poor hay can … For these horses, pellets or hay cubes can be a critical source of fiber and general nutrition. Animal Feed Sci. Researchers suggest complete rations (hay, grain and supplements) should contain less than 12 and 10 percent nonstructural carbohydrates (NSC)(starches and sugars in forage) for horses with laminitis and PSSM, respectively. Admin 2018-09-10T11:54:10+02:00. Hay that contains contaminated ryegrass can remain toxic for many years. You are adding moisture from the repeated condensation of the metal sides and roof and floor of the steel container. Oat grass. First Cut Versus Second Cut. While you might think treating hay with acid might create problems for your horse—especially relating to gastric ulcers—this is not the case. If you don’t consider dry matter loss, this may lead to unwanted weight loss or poor horse behaviors. Well that weight would be from water, and we know that we would have to add chemicals to do this. Hay that gets wet on the field may be dried and baled and many farmers do this. Some people let their horses in the field after the harvest and its pretty bad, and if you have pasture in an old soy bean field, the horses usually wont eat it. It’s hard to make this grass hay safe for horses, so don’t risk it. Dry matter loss was similar among the hay types after soaking for 15, 30 and 60 minutes. Nat. The horse that tends to overeat can be put in a nearby corral for part of each day or night. The wastage factor is high. Baling and cutting alfalfa is a whole other topic too. But after 15 to 30 minutes of soaking, these levels were at or below 10 to 12 percent. yes, dusty/moldy hay can turn a grand prix horse into a horse that not even a person who wants a "pet" will take. A farmer values regular customers and it is a win/win situation as he will always supply his regular customers as a priority in times of shortage. on Forage Quality, Evaluation, and Utilization, U of NE, Lincoln. Conf. The Seven Deadly Sins of Horse Hay. Grass hays differ by region, depending on what grows best in the area. Hay with 500,00 to 1 million cfu/g is relatively safe, while hay with over 1 million cfu/g of mold should not be fed to horses due to the risk of respiratory issues. Moldy hay also puts ranchers at risk. Some types of mold may cause colic or can cause a pregnant mare to abort. Hay Preservatives From what I see, read and hear, the hay is so so, IF you get it baled properly. Grass type horse hays have a lower nutritional value than legumes, but are considered ‘safe’ hays, because it is harder for a horse to over eat or have a reaction to grass hay. If your hay dealer delivers you weedy hay, hay that is brown, hay that is dusty, hay that is of poor quality in general, then find another source. What hay is best for horses? Rhodes grass Rhodes grass. The high nitrogen can cause colic, the high protein and sugar content can cause and aggravate Cushings. It’s leaching appears to depend on hay maturity. Hay Preservatives. Both grass hays had NSC levels above 12 percent. Longer soaking times lead to greater reductions. The Horse Studio Team and The Merry Band at Catskill Horse hope this article has helped you with your horses’ hay. Dispose of water in random grassy areas that horses can’t access. © In groups of horses, offering various piles of hay will also ensure all horses have access to the forage. Cornell Vet 1988; 98 (11); 5-133. This is a very common grass especially in dry areas and is great for horses. Other problems can occur when grass is extremely mature at baling. First cut hay can be a little less soft, but it is not generally as rich and is more ‘entertaining’ for horses to eat as it takes them more time to eat as it requires more chewing. Horse owners have been wetting or soaking hay as a feed management practice for many years. Time of Cutting/Types of Grass  and Know the Provenance These behaviors arise from low levels of forage in the diet and include wood chewing and cribbing. Cool-season grasses include orchard grass, timothy, tall fescue, reed canary grass, bromegrass and prairie grass. Low NSC is common in alfalfa since legumes store carbohydrates as starch. The idiom uses a pun on the words “hey” and “hay,” which are “homophones” or words that sound alike. Genetic-Diet interactions in the Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis Syndrome in Quarter Horses fed varying amount of Potassium: III. But grass hays had good Ca:P ratios during all soaking lengths. “Too much of this nutrient”, “not enough of that nutrient” are common phrases found in discussions regarding alfalfa hay for horses. Taking the horse off the hay is the best treatment. 3. A number of research trials have confirmed removal of carbohydrates from hay by soaking in either 30 minutes of warm or 60 minutes in cold tap water. Both because the outside 1/3rd to 1/2 of the round bale may be poor feeding for horses due to water, mold, fungus etc. The nutrition of the hay will be diminished to some extent which will make it a poorer product though these bales are still very suitable for cattle and pig feeding. 1997 found that horses with HYPP need complete diets less than 1 percent K. Moore-Colyer 1996 found that soaking hay for 30 minutes reduced respiratory problems for horses with COPD or heaves. Of course, the best alternative is good pasture grass, but this isn't always possible. Oat hay, like all grass hays, meets the nutritional needs of herbivores that need high fiber and low protein." Bad horse hay? Stems smaller in diameter or finer are also indicators of higher quality horse … It is generally recommended that long-stem forage make up at least 50% or more of the horse’s total forage intake to maximize “chew time” and other digestive benefits. 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