Leaves: Compound, alternate, evergreen, with 5-9 leaflets per leaf. In spring, racemes of cheerful, bright golden-yellow flowers appear just above the leaves. Marroquín, Jorge S., & Joseph E. Laferrière. The state flower of Oregon is the yellow flower of Oregon Grape, hence the name. Oregon grape is a medium-sized, broadleaf evergreen shrub that grows about 1–2 m (3 ft. 3 in–6 ft. 7 in) tall by 1.5 m (5 ft.) wide. Pather & Pather Attorneys. Some Indigenous peoples of the Northwest Plateau use Oregon grape for indigestion. [1] Native Plants PNW. Additionally, some botanists treat the plant as a subspecies of tall Oregon grape (Berberis aquifolium), in which case the scientific name Berberis aquifolium var. Resource on oregon grape. Mahonia aquifolium, the Oregon grape, is a species of flowering plant in the family Berberidaceae, native to western North America. Other Names: Mahonia spp. There is a variety that can get about 10 feet tall. Origin: Native Americans in the Pacific Northwest used to eat this berry, but did not favor it, often mixing it with sweeter berries to better its flavor. Mahonia aquifolium grows to 1–2 m (3 ft 3 in–6 ft 7 in) tall by 1.5 m (5 ft) wide, with pinnate leaves up to 30 cm (12 in) long, each leaf made up of spiny leaflets. Oregon Grape. Common Name: tall Oregon-grape Scientific Name: Mahonia aquifolium BCG Subzone: Coastal Western Hemlock Very Wet Marine Date Collected: 12/09/18 Locality: BCIT Burnaby The common name is often, and always in the United Kingdom, left unhyphenated as "Oregon grape", though doing so invites confusion with the true grapes. There is a variety that can get about 10 feet tall. Common name(s): Tall or Low Oregon grape. Elevation: Low to upper elevations (sea level to 5,000 feet) Invasive, Exotic Plants of the Southeast Oregon Grape, Leatherleaf Mahonia. Mahonia aquifolium is not closely related to either the true holly (Ilex aquifolium) or the true grape (Vitis vinifera cv.). CALL US +27 (0) 31 304 4212 . It is lower-growing than tall Oregon grape (M. aquifolium), generally reaching only about 1 to 2 ft (30 to 60 cm) in height. Systematic Botany 14:565-579. About Oregon Grape (Berberis aquifolium) 27 Nurseries Carry This Plant Add to My Plant List; Berberis aquifolium is a species of flowering plant in the family Berberidaceae, native to western North America. Tall Mahonia. Phylogenetic systematics of Berberidaceae and Ranunculales (Magnoliidae). Summary 5 Mahonia aquifolium (Oregon-grape or Oregon grape) is a species of flowering plant in the family Berberidaceae, native to western North America.It is an evergreen shrub growing to 1 m (3 ft) tall by 1.5 m (5 ft) wide, with pinnate leaves consisting of spiny leaflets, and dense clusters of yellow flowers in early spring, followed by dark bluish-black berries. The roots of M. aquifolium are bright yellow and were often used for making dye, primarily for baskets. Some species grow in sunny or shade sites in moist, well-drained soil; others prefer dry, well-drained sites. The pinnately compound leaves have 5-11 leaflets, shiny on both … Some scientists prefer to call it Berberis aquifolium. Each leaflet has one central vein and 10-12 spines on its margin. Tall Mahonia. Mahonia aquifolium has many different and unique traits, and one interesting fact is that it has a high chemical pollutant tolerance which makes it a plant used in urban landscaping. [5], The specific epithet aquifolium denotes "sharp-leafed" (as in Ilex aquifolium, the common holly), referring to the spiny foliage.[6]. It is commonly found in mountainous regions and adapts easier to … Scientific Name: Mahonia nervosa. It will provide color throughout all four seasons with its green and burgundy foliage, yellow flowers, and purplish-blue fruit. It was highly regarded among eclectic physicians for use against syphilis. The roots of the plant generally found in nitrogen-medium soils with soil pH reaction and salinity of 5 to 8. It is an evergreen shrub growing 1 m (3 ft) to 3 m (10 ft) [4] tall by 1.5 m (5 ft) wide, with pinnate leaves consisting of spiny leaflets, and dense clusters of yellow flowers in early spring, followed by dark bluish-black berries. Yes. Oregon grape is a powerful herb used for a variety of health conditions. thick. Today, they are sometimes used to make jelly, alone or mixed with salal. Origin: Native Americans in the Pacific Northwest used to eat this berry, but did not favor it, often mixing it with sweeter berries to better its flavor. The plant's stiff and leathery leaves are technically leaflets, since the leaves are pinnately compound. aquifolium : oregon-grape, barberry BEPI2: Berberis piperiana (Abrams) McMinn: MAPI3: Mahonia piperiana Abrams: ODAQ: Odostemon aquifolium (Pursh) Rydb. Examples: Enter 5500 then press Submit in Feet Enter 1700 then press Submit in Meters Press Any Value to ignore elevation Mahonia repens commonly known as creeping mahonia, creeping Oregon grape, creeping barberry, or prostrate barberry, is a species of Mahonia native to the Rocky Mountains and westward areas of North America, from British Columbia and Alberta in the north through Arizona and New Mexico, then into northwest Mexico by some reports. Among these are tall Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium); Cascade, low, dull, or dwarf Oregon grape (M. nervosa); and creeping Oregon grape (M. repens). Oregon grape, Berberis aquifolium, was first introduced into medical practice by a drug company still operating today, Parke, Davis, & Co. Table 1. [17] Oregon-grape juice can be fermented to make wine, similar to European barberry wine folk traditions, although it requires an unusually high amount of sugar. Tall Oregon grape (Berberis aquifolium) Description: Medium to tall shrub, found in dry forests and woodlands. The genus Mahonia has now been included in the genus Berberis, hence the accepted name for Oregon Grape is Berberis aquifolium. Our Team; Careers; Services; Correspondent Services Tall Oregon Grape, Low Oregon Grape, Oregon hollygrape, Oregon grapeholly, and Holly-leaved barberry. Oregon Grape is the state flower of Oregon, best known for its production of blue-black berries which somewhat resemble clusters of grapes. Mahonia is named after American Horticulturist, Bernard McMahon. The Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium) is a broadleaf evergreen shrub that grows well in shadier spots. The plant grows slowly at the beginning but once established the plant will grow quickly to it matured size. Some authors place Mahonia in the barberry genus, Berberis. Overview: Oregon Grape is a tall shrub found in the western regions of Canada and the United States. Origin: Native Americans in the Pacific Northwest have long eaten this berry, but often mix it with sweeter berries to better its flavor. Oregon grape root has been used to address minor to severe infections for hundreds, if not thousands of years. Common Names: Oregon Grape, Holly Leaved Barberry, Oregon Holly : Scientific Name: Mahonia aquifolium : Season Start: Jan : Season End: Dec : Please note that each and every hedgerow item you come across may vary in appearance to these photos. Common Name: Tall Oregon Grape Scientific Name: Mahonia aquifolium Sun Exposure: Full sun to full shade , very adaptable Average Size: 3-10 feet in height and about 4-8 feet in diameter Moisture: Can grow on sites ranging from fairly dry to moist. repens is applied. Transfer of specific and infraspecific taxa from, Laferrière, Joseph E. 1997. [5], Numerous cultivars and hybrids have been developed, of which the following have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:[14], The small purplish-black fruits, which are quite tart and contain large seeds, are included in small quantities in the traditional diets of Pacific Northwest indigenous peoples, mixed with salal or another sweeter fruit. Some botanists have argued that the genus Mahonia is not different enough from the genus Berberis to warrant its own genus. Scientific Name: Mahonia bealei . This species is referred to as Tall Oregon Grape only to distinguish it from Low Oregon Grape, Mahonia nervosa. Introduction of Oregon grape Scientific name - Mahonia aquifolium. There are many different common names that are associated with this plant, and they are often used for other species of Mahonia, so specify that you want M. aquifolium to help avoid confusion. Tall Oregon grape grows to about 2-5 ft. tall but can grow up to 15 ft. and spreads by underground stems 2-3 in. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Identifying Oregon Grape: We have two species of Oregon grape in our region – tall Oregon grape (M. aquifolia) grows to 8 feet tall and dwarf or dull Oregon grape (M. nervosa) grows just a few feet tall. 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Home; About Us. Scientific Name: Mahonia aquifolium. The berries of the Oregon Grape are used as natural colorants and also can be made into jelly. Scientific Name: Mahonia aquifolium Pursh and M.nervosa Pursh. It is an evergreen shrub growing to 1 m (3 ft) tall by 1.5 m (5 ft) wide, with pinnate leaves consisting of spiny leaflets, and dense clusters of yellow flowers in early spring, followed by dark bluish-black berries. aquifolium : oregon-grape, barberry BEPI2: Berberis piperiana (Abrams) McMinn: MAPI3: Mahonia piperiana Abrams: ODAQ: Odostemon aquifolium (Pursh) Rydb. Common Name: tall Oregon-grape Scientific Name: Mahonia aquifolium BCG Subzone: Coastal Western Hemlock Very Wet Marine Date Collected: 12/09/18 Locality: BCIT Burnaby The flowers, borne in dense clusters in late spring, are yellow, and are followed by spherical dark dusty blue berries, which give rise to the common name "Oregon grape".[7]. Overview: Oregon Grape is a tall shrub found in the western regions of Canada and the United States. It is also known as Berberis nervosa. Author of The American Gardener's Calendar (1806 and subsequent years). Distribution and habitat [2], Ethnobotanical Application(s): The juices from the berries have a lot of natural pectin and is typically made into jelly or wine, by itself or in combination with other berries such as salal. Scientific Name: Mahonia nervosa. Selected Oregon-grape species Common names Scientific name Site Conditions Oregon grape, tall Oregon grape, hollyleaved barberry Mahonia aquifolium, Berberis aquifolium Partial sun to shady forested sites Dwarf Oregon grape, Cascade Oregon grape, dull Oregon grape Mahonia nervosa, Berberis nervosa Partial sun to shady forested sites As with the tall Oregon-grape, the leaves of dull Oregon-grape have spiny teeth at their edges, somewhat like those of English holly ( … Common Name(s): Piper's Oregon-grape, Oregon Grape, Oregon Holly-Grape, Oregon-grape, Piper Oregon-grape, Holly-leaved Oregon-grape, Holly-leaved Barberry, Hollyleaf Barberry, Hollyleaved Barberry, Mountain Grape, Tall Oregon Grape Dwarf Oregon grape, also known as dull or Cascade Oregon grape, is commonly found in Douglas fir or Western red cedar forests from central California to southern British Columbia, and a small pocket of northern Idaho. Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium, Berberis aquifolium) grows on the west coast of North America, from British Columbia to northern California.It has yellow flowers, purple berries, and leathery leaves that resemble holly. Get Started. Berberis aquifolium has won its … http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Oregon%2Bgrape. Due to its shiny holly-like leaves, bluish berries and yellow flowers, it is prized as an ornamental. Mahonia Aquifolium (Tall), Mahonia Nervosa (Low) Common Names. Scientific name - Mahonia aquifolium Indigenous to western North America, Mahonia aquifolium which is commonly called as the Oregon grape having its roots in the family Berberidaceae is an evergreen shrub. The dull Oregon-grape is shorter and grows in a variety of forest conditions ranging from dry to fairly moist and at low to middle elevations in the southern coast region. It is the state flower of Oregon. Pather & Pather Attorneys. However, in commercial horticulture these plants are still known as Mahonia. Other Ways to Help: Become a … Oregon Grape, Leatherleaf Mahonia. Scientific Name Other Common Names; BEAQ: Berberis aquifolium Pursh: BEAQA: Berberis aquifolium Pursh var. The scientific name of the tall Oregon grape is Mahonia aquifolium. Additional Common Names: Oregon Grape, Oregon Grape Holly, Mahonia Aguifolium, Holly-Leaved Berry, Mahonia. These berries have also been used for dye and medicinal uses. These berries are also used for dye and medicinal purposes. Other Ways to Help: Become a … Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium, Berberis aquifolium) grows on the west coast of North America, from British Columbia to northern California.It has yellow flowers, purple berries, and leathery leaves that resemble holly. Native American Ethnobotany Database. The six native species of the plant are widely distributed through Oregon in a variety of habitats on both sides of the Cascade Mountains to the coast and in the northeastern part of the state. Island Hullkemel’em Name(s): suni'ulhp (Downriver/Island); suliyulhp (Upriver) Family: Berberidaceae. Suni’ ulhp (Downriver/Island), Suliyulp (Upriver) Family . Oregon grape is in the barberry or Berberidaceae family. Transfer of specific and infraspecific taxa from, Indigenous peoples of the Northwest Plateau, "Berberis aquifolium, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) The inner bark of its roots, stems and leaves contain several alkaloids that have anti‐inflammatory and anti‐bacterial properties which contribute to its medicinal uses. You will find this plant under these other names including Mahonia aquilfolium, Berberry, Barberry, Berberis aquifolium, Berberis nervosa, and Berberis repens. 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