Besides her, all the wives of the Prophet Muhammad were widows. Certain tensions with the Islamic narrative of the Prophet’s life remain, however. Muhammad is the prophet and founder of Islam. The principle of aniconism (opposition to the use of icons or religious idols) was an early feature of Islam, though under some historical dynasties or in some regions the prohibition was only partially or selectively enforced—e.g., under the ʿAbbāsid dynasty (750–1258) it applied only to public buildings. Salman Rushdie is a British-Indian novelist best known for the novels 'Midnight's Children' and 'The Satanic Verses,' for which he was accused of blasphemy against Islam. The 201 names of our master and Prophet, Muhammad, God's blessings and peace be upon him! The name of his (S.A.W) grandfather was Abd al-Muttalib. © 2020 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. The fact that such biographical narratives about Muhammad are encountered only in texts dating from the 8th or 9th century or even later is bound to raise the problem of how confident one can be in the sīrah literature’s claim to relay accurate historical information. Moreover, in all his actions and dealings, he was ever mindful and fearful of God. She soon became attracted to this young, accomplished man and proposed marriage. This is not to suggest that there was necessarily an element of deliberate fabrication at work, at least at the level of a compiler like Ibn Isḥāq, who was clearly not inventing stories from scratch. The town of Mecca was an important trading and religious center, home to many temples and worship sites where the devoted prayed to the idols of these gods. Yes, He used to keep a kitten named Muezza. Muhammad was born in 570 CE in the city of Mecca of the Hejaz province of Arabia. It truly speaks of the ambiguous nature of Indonesia’s controversial Information and Electronic Transactions Act (UU ITE) that a cleric was reported to the police for alleged violation of the law after he told a story in public that he met with Prophet Muhammad in a dream. Gradually the people of Mecca turned to polytheism and idolatry. In his early teens, Muhammad worked in a camel caravan, following in the footsteps of many people his age, born of meager wealth. At the same time, the nature of the sources is not such as to inspire confidence that we possess historically certain knowledge about the Prophet’s life that is as detailed as many earlier scholars tended to assume. Most people in Mecca either ignored him or mocked him as just another prophet. The name-MUHAMMAD was given to him by his grandfather-Abdul-Mutallab, his father-Abdullaahi died when he was two months in his mother's womb. In 610 he experienced a vision of the archangel Gabriel. Nonetheless, some accretion of popular legend around a figure as seminal as Muhammad would be entirely expected. God Name Allah. Asma-e-Muhammad (saw): Collection of the 99 beautiful names of Holy Prophet Muhammad al-Mustafa (pbuh) with their meanings in English Saturday, December 19, 2020 islamicoccasions.com CAIRO- 26 November 2020: A charitable association in an Egyptian village in Gharbia governorate (Delta) launched an initiative to encourage people name their newborn children after Prophet Muhammad. Muhammad, in full Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāshim, (born c. 570, Mecca, Arabia [now in Saudi Arabia]—died June 8, 632, Medina), the founder of Islam and the proclaimer of the Qurʾān. During the Uhud campaign, it was breastfeeding her kitten. After the conflict with Mecca was finally settled, Muhammad took his first true Islamic pilgrimage to that city and in March, 632, he delivered his last sermon at Mount Arafat. All things considered, there is no compelling reason to suggest that the basic scaffolding of the traditional Islamic account of Muhammad’s life is unhistorical. By 630 he had unified most of Arabia under a single religion. He is believed to be the final prophet of God in all the main branches of Islam, though some modern denominations diverge from this belief. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The name, which honors Islam’s final prophet, the Prophet Muhammad, crawled from 14th place in 2018 to 10th place in 2019, according to data collected from U.S. parents by BabyCenter . The name Muhammad (ﷺ) was given to the Prophet by his mother and grandfather.. [2] Anas bin Malik (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) said: “A child was born this night and I named him after the name of my father Ibrahim (PBUH).” These are sometimes linked with place-names, such as the passing reference to a victory at a place called Badr at 3:123. Their marriage was an astute political alliance. Lady Hafsa. She is the only virgin woman married to the Prophet Muhammad. Muhammad was the prophet and founder of Islam. Recite for your lord is most generous….” These words became the opening verses of sūrah (chapter) 96 of the Qur'an. Prophet Muhammad's Lineage to Adnaan: The 100 Word Eulogy of the Prophet Muhammad by Emperor Hongwu of China (1368-1398) Professor of Jewish Studies David J Wasserstein: How Islam Saved the Jews: A Notification to the EDL, 'Britain First' and 'Make Britain Great Again' That King Richard II (d. 1400) and King John (d. 1216) Were Not 'Pedophiles' However, when his message condemned idol worship and polytheism, many of Mecca’s tribal leaders began to see Muhammad and his message as a threat. Most of his early life was spent as a merchant. As of 2015, there are over 1.8 billion Muslims in the world who profess, “There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet.”. The names and titles of Muhammad, [1] names and attributes of Muhammad [2], Names of Muhammad (أَسْمَاءُ ٱلْنَّبِيّ ’Asmā’u ’n-Nabiyy) are the names of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and used by Muslims, where 99 of them are commonly renown, but also countless names which are found mainly in the Quran and hadith literature. However, this work is extant only in later reworkings and abridgements, of which the best known is ʿAbd al-Malik ibn Hishām’s (died 833–834) Sīrat Muḥammad rasūl Allāh (“Life of Muhammad, the Messenger of God”). Increasingly, the resistance to Muhammed and his followers grew and they were eventually forced to emigrate from Mecca to Medina, a city 260 miles to the north in 622. Muhammad, Prophet of Islam and proclaimer of the Qur’an. However, Shi’a tradition states he welcomed the message from the Angel Gabriel and was deeply inspired to share his experience with other potential believers. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini became the supreme religious leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran in 1979, following many years of resistance to Shah Pahlavi. The 201 Beautiful names of Prophet Muhammad:1. The family was active in Meccan politics and trade. In his early 20s, Muhammad began working for a wealthy merchant woman named Khadijah, 15 years his senior. Although polygamy was then prevalent in Arabic society, he was monogamously married to his first wife, Khadījah, until her death after about 25 years of marriage. For instance, unlike many earlier Western accounts, no attempt will be made to remove supernatural elements from the narrative in the interest of transforming it into an account that appears plausible by modern historiographical standards. Abd al-Muttalib took the responsibility of a guardian. Our beloved Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) found an Abyssinian cat which was of black and white color. Updates? However, the text provides no dates for any of the historical events it alludes to, and almost none of the Qurʾānic messenger’s contemporaries are mentioned by name (a rare exception is at 33:37). The Qurʾān provides very few concrete details regarding Muhammad’s life. All of the prophets were grateful but our Prophet was the most thankful and grateful to his Creator. From Mo Farah to Mohamed Al Fayed and Muhammad Ali, there is no shortage of high-profile people named after the prophet of Islam. Muhammad was the prophet and founder of Islam. Each such report is normally introduced by a list of names tracing it through various intermediaries back to its ultimate source, which in many cases is an eyewitness—for example, the Prophet’s wife ʿĀʾishah. In the final major confrontation, The Battle of the Trench and Siege of Medina, Muhammad and his followers prevailed and a treaty was signed. The third wife of the Prophet Muhammad is Aisha bint Abu Bakr. Muhammad settled in Medina, building his Muslim community and gradually gathering acceptance and more followers. Upon his return to Medina to his wife’s home, he fell ill for several days. Working for his uncle, he gained experience in commercial trade traveling to Syria and eventually from the Mediterranean Sea to the Indian Ocean. Vector of arabic calligraphy Solawat. Allah, praise, sanctify and grant… Hafsa was the daughter of Umar ibn Al- Khattab. Mecca hosted a variety of idols and was considered a sacred site focused around the Ka’aba (which is still considered sacred by the Muslims). `Abdul Muttalib took the baby to the Holy Ka'bah, and thanked God for this gift. Some weeks later, the child was born, and named Muhammad. By now, Muhammad had plenty of forces and the balance of power had shifted away from the Meccan leaders to him. Muhammad is traditionally said to have been born in 570 in Mecca and to have died in 632 in Medina, where he had been forced to emigrate to with his adherents in 622. For example, some of the non-Islamic sources present Muhammad as having still been alive when the Arab conquerors invaded Palestine (634–640), in contrast to the Islamic view that the Prophet had already passed away at this point. Muezza, the Prophet Muhammad PBUH’s favorite pet cat. He undertook his miraculous Night Journey (Isrāʾ) from Mecca to Jerusalem, where he prayed with Moses, Jesus, and other prophets. She (Aisha) lived with the Prophet Muhammad for 9 years. Aisha bint Abu Bakr. Our Holy Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) took birth in 570 CE in Makkah. At age 40 he is said to have begun receiving revelations from the angel Gabriel. Muammar al-Qaddafi seized control of the Libyan government in 1969 and ruled as an authoritarian dictator for more than 40 years before he was overthrown in 2011. Those reports are not consistent, however, and some include miraculous elements or stories obviously adapted from the Bible. Most of his early life was spent as a merchant. For instance, a Syriac chronicle dating from about 640 mentions a battle between the Romans and “the Arabs of Muhammad,” and an Armenian history composed about 660 describes Muhammad as a merchant who preached to the Arabs and thereby triggered the Islamic conquests. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Islamic tradition holds that the first persons to believe were his wife, Khadija and his close friend Abu Bakr (regarded as the successor to Muhammad by Sunni Muslims). Muslim-American Olympic fencer Ibtihaj Muhammad will become Barbie's first doll wearing a hijab as part of Mattel's Shero collection. Ibn Isḥāq’s original book was not his own composition but rather a compilation of autonomous reports about specific events that took place during the life of Muhammad and also prior to it, which Ibn Isḥāq arranged into what he deemed to be their correct chronological order and to which he added his own comments. He is usually said to have had 14 wives or concubines during his lifetime. According to Islamic doctrine, he was a prophet, sent to preach and confirm the monotheistic teachings of Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets. The following are two traditions from the seerah by Ibn Kathir, about the reason behind the name:. Author of. Muslim statesman Muhammad Ali Jinnah led Pakistan’s independence from British-controlled India and was its first governor-general and president of its constituent assembly. Elijah Muhammad rose from poverty to become the charismatic leader of the black nationalist group Nation of Islam, and mentor of Malcolm X and Louis Farrakhan. He concluded a truce with Mecca in 628 but later forced it to submit. This was especially true for members of Muhammad’s own tribe, the Quraysh, who were the guardians of the Kaaba. Such evidence provides sufficient confirmation of the historical existence of an Arab prophet by the name of Muhammad. Muhammad was also very religious, occasionally taking journeys of devotion to sacred sites near Mecca. Certain verses assume that Muhammad and his followers dwell at a settlement called al-madīnah (“the town”) or Yathrib (e.g., 33:13, 60) after having previously been ousted by their unbelieving foes, presumably from the Meccan sanctuary (e.g., 2:191). The scholars of Islam said that the Prophet was named “Ahmad” because he is the most grateful among thankful people. Get Asma-e-Muhammad (PBUH) in video format In 630, the Muslim army marched into Mecca, taking the city with minimum casualties. Muhammad Ali was a heavyweight boxing champion with an impressive 56-win record. He was the head of the tribe Quraish. (pbuh) Prophet Mohammed said: "Whoever is named after me with the hope of being blessed, he will be blessed and will be in peace till the Day of Qiyaamah." On one of his pilgrimages in 610, he was meditating in a cave on Mount Jabal aI-Nour. When asked why they chose this name and the reactions they received, the parents who had chosen the name Muhammad answered in the following way: Hatice Tarhan: There are a number of reasons why I chose the name Muhammad, but the most important is that it is the name of our Prophet. Muhammad’s father, Abdul… Due to which he altered his soldier’s course. He accepted and over the years the happy union brought several children. Most of the Meccan population converted to Islam. Most of the biographical information that the Islamic tradition preserves about Muhammad thus occurs outside the Qurʾān, in the so-called sīrah (Arabic: “biography”) literature. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Muhammad (Arabic: محمد ‎; pronounced ; c. 570 – 8 June 632) was the founder of Islam. Hafsah had been married at a young age and participated … This digest does not aim to separate historical fact from later legend. Finally, it is distinctly possible that some reports about events in Muhammad’s life emerged not from historical memory but from exegetical speculation about the historical context of particular verses of the Qurʾān. In 622 he established the nascent Muslim community in Medina. He spent his entire life in what is now the country of Saudi Arabia, from his birth about 570 CE in Mecca to his death in 632 in Medina. Biography according to the Islamic tradition, Status in the Qurʾān and in post-Qurʾānic Islam, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Muhammad, JewishEncyclopedia.com - Biography of Mohammed, Muhammad - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Muhammad - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Asma-e-Muhammad (PBUH), Collection of 99 Names of Holy Prophet Muhammad مُحَمَّد ﷺ with English translation and meaning of each name. The most famous site was the Kaaba (meaning cube in Arabic). https://www.biography.com/religious-figure/muhammad. Besides going against long standing beliefs, the condemnation of idol worship had economic consequences for merchants who catered to the thousands of pilgrims who came to Mecca every year. 99 NAMES OF PROPHET MUHAMMAD (Pbuh) THE LIST OF 99 NAMES OF MUHAMMAD … By carefully comparing accounts, scholars have identified common elements that were in circulation by the late 7th century, and some rudimentary details are confirmed by non-Islamic sources (e.g., a Syriac chronicle and an Armenian history) dating to the first few decades after his traditional death date. Moreover, some of the narratives in question are patently adaptations of biblical motifs designed to present Muhammad as equal or superior to earlier prophetic figures such as Moses and Jesus. Hafsa was also previously married. More similar stock illustrations. Muhammad was born around 570, AD in Mecca (now in Saudi Arabia). “Muhammad” is the name which is repeated many times in the Qur’an, the name “Ahmad” was mentioned by Prophet ^Isa. O God, bless, sanctify and grant peace to the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Most Islamic historians believe Muhammad was initially disturbed by the revelations and that he didn’t reveal them publicly for several years. Born in Mecca about 570 CE, Muhammad married a wealthy widow, Khadījah, in 595. Calligraphy Name of prophet Mohammed. He belonged to a poor but respectable family of the Quraysh tribe. He was born in Mecca as a member of the ruling Hashim clan of the tribe of Quraysh. The Prophet Muhammad was a perfect example of an honest, just, merciful, compassionate, truthful, and brave human being. Omissions? Other passages mention military encounters between Muhammad’s followers and the unbelievers. Not all lived to adulthood, but one, Fatima, would marry Muhammad’s cousin, Ali ibn Abi Talib, whom Shi’ite Muslims regard as Muhammad’s successor. Names of the Prophet (Pbuh) Our web site has a large number of names of Prophet Muhammad. Of all the gods worshipped, it is believed that Allah was considered the greatest and the only one without an idol. At age 40, he began to have revelations from Allah that became the basis for the Koran and the foundation of Islam. Mohammad. According to Islamic tradition, his father died before Muhammad was born, and his mother died when he was a young child. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Hence, even if one accepts that the Qurʾānic corpus authentically documents the preaching of Muhammad, taken by itself it simply does not provide sufficient information for even a concise biographical sketch. “I think its revolutionary for Barbie to take a stand in this moment that we’re in," Muhammad told People magazine. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) had named him after Prophet Ibrahim (PBUH). The following section will nonetheless provide a concise digest mainly of Ibn Isḥāq’s version of the life of the Prophet. His clan – Hashim, belonged to a respected tribe – Quraish, his clan (headed by his grandfather – Abd al Mutalib at the time) provided water to the pilgrims traveling to Mecca. For example, before Muhammad’s emigration to Medina he is said to have received an oath of allegiance by twelve inhabitants of the city, an obvious parallel to the Twelve Apostles, and during the digging of a defensive trench around Medina Muhammad is said to have miraculously sated all the workers from a handful of dates, recalling Jesus’ feeding of the multitude. I always thought that "All children who come to the world should carry this name; no other name is as suitable and every family should have one Muhammad." There Muhammad was instrumental in bringing an end to a civil war raging amongst several of the city’s tribes. Allah, praise, sanctify and grant peace to one named Muhammad (thepraised), may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.2. The name Muhammad has broken into a parenting website’s top 10 list of most popular baby boy names for the very first time. At least to historians who are reluctant to admit reports of divine intervention, the problem is reinforced by the miraculous elements of some of the material included in Ibn Isḥāq’s work. The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was a direct descendant of the Prophet Ibrahim (AS) ... then name him Muhammad." In Muslim families, the name is … His public preaching aroused opposition from other clans of his tribe. Muhammad united Arabia into a single Muslim polity, with the Quranas well as his teachings and practices forming the basis of Islamic re… Muhammad was an Arab religious, social, and political leader and the founder of Islam. It is believed to have been built by Abraham (Ibrahim to Muslims) and his son Ismail. Prophet Mohammed and Aisha married when Aisha was about nine years old, … `Name of Prophet Muhammad` Illustration Vector in gold color and maroon background. The Prophet Muhammad died when she was 18 years old. Those Who Chose the Name of Muhammad. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. The name of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) mother was Hazrat Bibi Aminah. Many (though not all) Muslims reject visual representations (e.g., images and sculpted figures) of religious figures, or even visual representations of living things, seeing it as a form of idolatry (worship of physical objects), which is inconsistent with their monotheism. His youngest daughter, Fāṭimah, married Muhammad’s cousin ʿAlī, the fourth of Muhammad’s successors as leader of the Muslim community. We strive for accuracy and fairness. According to Islamic tradition, the Qurʾān, understood as a literal transcription of the speech of God (Allah), was revealed to Muhammad in stages by the archangel Gabriel, beginning in 610. Thus, statements of the sort that on March 21 of the year 625, Meccan forces entered the oasis of Medina are inherently problematic. Especially the customary chronological framework for Muhammad’s life appears to have been worked out by later transmitters and collectors such as Ibn Isḥāq, rather than being traceable to the earliest layer of Islamic traditions about Muhammad. The name of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him The Angel Gabriel appeared and relayed the word of God: “Recite in the name of your Lord who creates, creates man from a clot! Muslims and Baha'is believe he was a messenger and a prophet of Allah ().He is believed to be a descendant of Ishmael, a son of Abraham, and the last of all prophets (the seal of the prophets).He is seen as an example for all Muslims to follow. Variants of the material compiled by Ibn Isḥāq, as well as further material about events in Muhammad’s life, are preserved in works by other authors, such as Abd al-Razzāq (died 827), al-Wāqidī (died 823), Ibn Saʿd (died 845), and al-Ṭabarī (died 923). The Story Of Prophet Muhammad: Early Life Of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ)In the 570th year of our era a boy was born who was named after Muhammad and who was destined to become the Prophet of one of the greatest religions of the world, Islam. Many Muslims believe that Muhammad is the only individual to have seen both Heaven and Hell while still living. Muhammad was the founder of Islam and the proclaimer of the Qurʾān, Islam’s sacred scripture. He died on June 8, 632, at the age of 62, and was buried at al-Masjid an-Nabawi (the Mosque of the Prophet) one of the first mosques built by Muhammad in Medina. The treaty was broken by the Meccan allies a year later. Associate Professor of Islamic Studies, University of Oxford. He led the Farewell Pilgrimage to Mecca, the precedent for the hajj, in 632, the year of his death. The Qurʾān yields little concrete biographical information about the Islamic Prophet: it addresses an individual “messenger of God,” whom a number of verses call Muhammad (e.g., 3:144), and speaks of a pilgrimage sanctuary that is associated with the “valley of Mecca” and the Kaʿbah (e.g., 2:124–129, 5:97, 48:24–25). He had four daughters and at least two sons (both of whom died as infants) with Khadījah and probably another son (who also died young) by a later wife or concubine, Māriyah. His father died before he was born and he was raised first by his grandfather and then his uncle. An important collector of such early traditions was ʿUrwah ibn al-Zubayr, a relative of ʿĀʾishah who was probably born in 643–644 and who is plausibly viewed as having had firsthand access to former companions of the Prophet. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Tradition holds that when Muhammad had his first vision, he fled from the cave in terror. As per Arabic tradition of the time, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) appointed Umm Saif (RA) as the wet nurse of infant Ibrahim. He was also known for his brave public stance against the Vietnam War. Though he was a man, he was far removed from all evil characteristics and strove solely for the sake of God and His reward in the Hereafter. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Between 624 and 628, the Muslims were involved in a series of battles for their survival. This event marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar. Muhammad and his followers then proceeded to destroy all of the statues of pagan gods in and around the Kaaba. Allah, praise, sanctify and grant peace to one named Ahmad (themost praised), may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.3. Most such information thus comes from the sīrah (“biography”) literature, consisting of accounts of his life by various writers dating mainly from the 8th and 9th centuries. Soon, Muhammad began to gather a small following, initially encountering no opposition. Prophet Muhammad’s fourth wife was Hafsah, the daughter of one of Prophet Muhammad’s closest confidantes, Umar ibn Al-Khattab. By carefully comparing alternative versions of one and the same biographical narrative, scholars have been able to show that a certain number of traditions about Muhammad’s life—for instance, an account of the Prophet’s emigration from Mecca to Medina—were in circulation already by the end of the 7th century. Prophet Muhammad has many names, some of the names has been mentioned in the Holy Quran such as Basheer,Nadheer,Rauuf,Raheem.Shaahid,Shaheed,Mubashshir,Rasuul among others. Sensing a threat, Mecca’s merchants and leaders offered Muhammad incentives to abandon his preaching, but he refused. After his clan withdrew its protection, he fled to Medina in 622 and repulsed two attacks by Meccan forces in 625 and 627. A few days later, `Abdul Muttalib held a feast. … Osama bin Laden is a terrorist extremist who planned the September 11, 2001, attacks on the World Trade Center and is intent on driving Western influence from the Muslim world. Besides her, all the wives of the statues of pagan gods in around. Muttalib took the baby who named prophet muhammad the Indian Ocean while still living born and was! Usually said to have seen both Heaven and Hell while still living for his.... The precedent for the hajj, in all his actions and dealings, was... 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